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Note 8: Employee costs and numbers

a  Staff costs

The average number of persons employed during the year was as follows:

  Group   Company
Number 2009 2008   2009 2008
UK 39,137 39,193   37,041 36,962
Overseas 5,850 5,947   5,057 5,159
  44,987 45,140   42,098 42,121
  Group   Company
£ million 2009 2008   2009 2008
Wages and salaries 1,466 1,432   1,389 1,361
Social security costs 158 150   147 142
Costs related to pension scheme benefits 175 216   169 211
Other post-retirement benefit costs 4 4   3 3
Other employee costs 390 363   372 352
Total employee costs excluding restructuring 2,193 2,165   2,080 2,069
Restructuring 78 1   78 1
Total employee costs 2,271 2,166   2,158 2,070

Employee costs relating to continuing operations
2,271 2,166   2,158 2,072
Employee income relating to discontinued operations         (2)

In addition, included in ‘Wages and salaries’ is a total expense for share-based payments of £1 million (2008: £3 million) that arises from transactions accounted for as equity-settled share-based payment transactions.

Other employee costs include allowances and accommodation for crew.

b  Directors’ emoluments

  Group
£’000 2009 2008
Fees 748 732
Salary and benefits 1,189 1,123
Performance-related bonuses   134
  1,937 1,989

During the year, one director accrued benefits under a defined benefit pension scheme and one director accrued benefits under a defined contribution pension scheme.

The report of the Remuneration Committee discloses full details of directors’ emoluments.

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